Zagreb, Croatia
City population: 787619
Duration: unknown – ongoing
Implementation status: Ongoing
Scale: Meso-scale: Regional, metropolitan and urban level, Micro-scale: District/neighbourhood level
Project area: 11403200 m2
Type of area: Residental, Central Business District / City Centre
Last updated: October 2021

On a yearly basis, the city of Zagreb, Zagrebački holding plants new trees and bushes to maintain Zagreb as a green city with 114 hectares of green spaces (Ref 2). Also includes maintenance of green surfaces, such as grass in public parks along with tram tracks and planting new trees and maintaining existing ones next to kindergartens and schools (Ref 2). Maintenance of city parks, lawns and tree lines includes cleaning, mowing and collecting grass and garbage from green areas, restoration of trampled lawns, maintenance and pruning of trees, shrubs and hedges, maintenance and care of seasonal and permanent flower beds, maintenance of paved and dune areas in parks and installation and maintenance of urban equipment in parks and children's playgrounds (Ref 1).


Nature-based solution

  • Grey infrastructure featuring greens
  • Alley and street greens
  • Railroad bank and track greens
  • Green playgrounds and school grounds
  • Parks and urban forests
  • Large urban parks or forests
  • Pocket parks/neighbourhood green spaces
  • Green corridors and green belts

Key challenges

  • Climate action for adaptation, resilience and mitigation (SDG 13)
  • Climate change mitigation
  • Green space, habitats and biodiversity (SDG 15)
  • Habitat and biodiversity conservation
  • Green space creation and/or management
  • Environmental quality
  • Air quality improvement
  • Regeneration, land-use and urban development
  • Promotion of naturalistic urban landscape design
  • Inclusive and effective governance (SDG 16)
  • Effective management
  • Health and well-being (SDG 3)
  • Creation of opportunities for relaxation and recreation


Maintenance and management of urban nature, Strategy, plan or policy development, Improved governance of green or blue areas

Project objectives

The main objective of the implementation is to keep the city green and maintain its greeneries. Yearly maintenance and planting of new trees, bushes and flowers in Zagreb. Also includes maintenance of green surfaces, such as grass in public parks, along tram tracks, and planting new trees and maintaining existing ones next to kindergartens, schools (Ref 2). The scope of the maintenance also including maintenance of the amenities provided by the green spaces like the benches, rubbish bins, picnic tables, fences and posts. With this project, the city of Zagreb aims to protect its green spaces (Ref 1).

Implementation activities

In 2015, trees and a meadow around the school and kindergarten in Kajzerica were planted, playground in Stari Jelkovci was renovated, grassland in Voltino Naselje was revitalised . Removed rotten trees on Dubravkin Put and planted new trees on the same location. In total, planted of 500 new trees and 800 bushes. (1)

Climate-focused activities

Climate change mitigation:

  • Increase green urban nature for carbon storage (wetlands, tree cover)
  • Halt desertification by restoring grasslands or other nature-based solutions

Biodiversity conservation or restoration-focused activities

Biodiversity conservation:

  • Protect and enhance urban habitats
  • Preserve and strengthen existing habitats and ecosystems
  • Preserve and strengthen habitat connectivity
  • Protect species
  • Undertake specific measures to protect species
  • Undertake specific measures to protect native species
  • Means for conservation governance
  • Public engagement

Main beneficiaries

  • Citizens or community groups
  • Young people and children


Management set-up

  • Government-led

Type of initiating organisation

  • Regional government

Participatory approaches/ community involvement

  • Dissemination of information and education
  • Citizen monitoring and review

Details on the roles of the organisations involved in the project

The activity is funded through the Zagreb budget, but implemented through a city owned company Zrinjevac (Ref 2).

Project implemented in response to ...

... an EU policy or strategy? Unknown
... a national policy or strategy? Unknown
... a local policy or strategy? Unknown


Total cost


Source(s) of funding

  • Public regional budget

Type of funding

  • Earmarked public budget

Non-financial contribution


Impacts and Monitoring

Environmental impacts

  • Climate, energy and emissions
  • Lowered local temperature
  • Enhanced carbon sequestration
  • Environmental quality
  • Improved air quality
  • Improved soil quality
  • Green space and habitat
  • Increased green space area
  • Increased conservation or restoration of ecosystems
  • Reduced biodiversity loss
  • Increased number of species present
  • Enhanced support of pollination
  • Increased ecological connectivity across regeneration sites and scales

Economic impacts

  • Unknown

Socio-cultural impacts

  • Social justice and cohesion
  • Improved liveability
  • Improved access to urban green space
  • Increased involvement of locals in the management of green spaces
  • Health and wellbeing
  • Improved physical health
  • Improved mental health
  • Gain in activities for recreation and exercise
  • Cultural heritage and sense of place
  • Improvement in people’s connection to nature
  • Increased appreciation for natural spaces
  • Education
  • Increased knowledge of locals about local nature
  • Increased awareness of NBS and their benefits

Type of reported impacts

Achieved impacts

Presence of formal monitoring system


Presence of indicators used in reporting


Presence of monitoring/ evaluation reports

No evidence in public records

Availability of a web-based monitoring tool