Zagreb, Croatia
City population: 787619
Duration: 2005 – 2006
Implementation status: Completed
Scale: Micro-scale: District/neighbourhood level
Project area: 50000 m2
Type of area: Previous derelict area, Other
Last updated: October 2021

Bundek Park is one of the urban planning projects aimed to create a recreational and sports area for the citizens and tourists to support a healthy lifestyle (Ref 3). The lake is surrounded by Bundek Park which stretches for 2,000 meters in length with an area of 35 hectares. The lake is about 5 hectares. the lake was initially used for fishing, walking and swimming. With the increased and carefree use of the lake, the lake and the environment became a waste disposal site. In 2005, by the decision of the Mayor, Mr. Milan Bandić, the renovation of Bundek began. The project included cleaning of the informal waste disposal site and shrubs blocking access to the lakes, renovation of the access to the lakes, planting flowers and introduction of the benches and water also to allow citizens to use the lake for recreation and enjoy the nature (Ref 2).


Nature-based solution

  • Parks and urban forests
  • Large urban parks or forests
  • Blue infrastructure
  • Lakes/ponds

Key challenges

  • Water management (SDG 6)
  • Flood protection
  • Improvements to water quality
  • Green space, habitats and biodiversity (SDG 15)
  • Habitat and biodiversity restoration
  • Green space creation and/or management
  • Environmental quality
  • Air quality improvement
  • Waste management
  • Regeneration, land-use and urban development
  • Promote natural styles of landscape design for urban development
  • Inclusive and effective governance (SDG 16)
  • Inclusive governance
  • Effective management
  • Health and well-being (SDG 3)
  • Enabling opportunities for physical activity
  • Improving mental health
  • Creation of opportunities for recreation
  • Economic development and employment (SDG 8)
  • Tourism support
  • Cultural heritage and cultural diversity
  • Protection of historic and cultural landscape/infrastructure


Maintenance and management of urban nature existing green areas, Ecological restoration of degraded ecosystems, Transformation of previously derelict areas, Improved governance of green or blue areas

Project objectives

The main objective of the intervention was to convert the Bundek lake to a recreational place. Other objectives included, cleaning the area so that it can be used by the citizens, creating access for disabled persons, installing recreational facilities, building playgrounds and removal of waste (Ref 1, 2).

Implementation activities

As part of the landscaping of Bundek, the following actions were performed: - demolition of dry or dangerous sloping trees - clearing and cleaning of neglected areas overgrown with bushes - mowing and mulching of neglected weeds - cleaning and arranging the lake and lake shores - construction of lake accesses for people with disabled - ramp - the construction of a children's playground for older children - the construction of a children's playground for younger children (under 12 years) - construction of a wooden pedestrian bridge and chapel - the construction of ten sanitary facilities and porter's lodge - the construction of the auditorium - sunbathing (Ref 2, 3).

Biodiversity conservation or restoration-focused activities

Biodiversity restoration:

  • Rehabilitate and restore damaged or destroyed ecosystems
  • Restore species (native, endangered, or unspecified)
  • Restore native species
  • Public engagement

Main beneficiaries

  • Citizens or community groups
  • Marginalized groups: Elderly people, People with functional diversities
  • Young people and children


Management set-up

  • Government-led

Type of initiating organisation

  • Local government/municipality

Participatory approaches/ community involvement

  • Co-planning (e.g. stakeholder workshops, focus groups, participatory mapping)
  • Dissemination of information and education
  • Consultation (e.g. workshop, surveys, community meetings, town halls)
  • Citizen monitoring and review

Details on the roles of the organisations involved in the project

The initiative was taken by the local municipality.

Project implemented in response to ...

... an EU policy or strategy? Unknown
... a national policy or strategy? Unknown
... a local policy or strategy? No (It was implemented based on a decission of Major of Zagreb Milan Bandic (3))


Total cost

More than €4,000,000

Source(s) of funding

  • Public local authority budget

Type of funding

  • Earmarked public budget (e.g. governament grants or subsidies)

Non-financial contribution


Impacts and Monitoring

Environmental impacts

  • Climate change
  • Lowered local temperature
  • Environmental quality
  • Improved air quality
  • Improved waste management
  • Improved soil quality
  • Water management and blue areas
  • Improved water quality
  • Increased protection against flooding
  • Green space and habitat
  • Increased green space area

Economic impacts

  • More sustainable tourism

Socio-cultural impacts

  • Social justice and cohesion
  • Improved liveability
  • Improved access to urban green space
  • Increased visibility and opportunity for marginalised groups or indigenous peoples
  • Increased opportunities for social interaction
  • Health and wellbeing
  • Improved physical health
  • Improved mental health
  • Gain in activities for recreation and exercise
  • Cultural heritage and sense of place
  • Improvement in people’s connection to nature
  • Increased awareness of flora and fauna as culturally and historically meaningful
  • Increased appreciation for natural spaces
  • Education
  • Increased support for education and scientific research
  • Increased knowledge of locals about local nature

Type of reported impacts

Achieved impacts

Presence of formal monitoring system


Presence of indicators used in reporting

No evidence in public records

Presence of monitoring/ evaluation reports

No evidence in public records

Availability of a web-based monitoring tool