Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
City population: 1452000
Duration: 2021 – 2022
Implementation status: Completed
Scale: Micro-scale: District/neighbourhood level
Project area: 110000 m2
Type of area: Protected Area
Last updated: December 2022

With the support of the Ulaanbaatar mayor's office, "Micheel Group" LLC, in cooperation with more than 100 customers within the framework of social and environmental responsibility, beautified the natural environment without disturbing a single bush or tree. The "Misheel" botanical garden has created an opportunity for people to expand their knowledge about a healthy environment and nature-based solutions and a combination of green-blue infrastructure in the city, which people like to come for. It is open from 06:00 to 00:00 in the summer and from 06:00 to 21:00 in the winter. Alcoholic drinks are not allowed. Source: Information provided by the management team of this project


Nature-based solution

  • Blue infrastructure
  • Rivers/streams/canals/estuaries
  • Wetlands/bogs/fens/marshes
  • Community gardens and allotments
  • Community gardens
  • Horticulture
  • Green areas for water management
  • Rain gardens
  • Grey infrastructure featuring greens
  • Riverbank greens
  • Green playgrounds and school grounds
  • Institutional green space
  • Nature on buildings
  • Green walls or facades
  • Parks and urban forests
  • Botanical gardens

Key challenges

  • Climate action for adaptation, resilience and mitigation (SDG 13)
  • Climate change adaptation
  • Climate change mitigation
  • Environmental quality
  • Air quality improvement
  • Noise reduction
  • Green space, habitats and biodiversity (SDG 15)
  • Habitat and biodiversity restoration
  • Habitat and biodiversity conservation
  • Green space creation and/or management
  • Regeneration, land-use and urban development
  • Promotion of naturalistic urban landscape design
  • Cultural heritage and cultural diversity
  • Preservation of natural heritage
  • Health and well-being (SDG 3)
  • Enabling physical activity
  • Improving mental health
  • Improving physical health
  • Creation of opportunities for relaxation and recreation
  • Inclusive and effective governance (SDG 16)
  • Effective management
  • Social justice, cohesion and equity (SDG 10)
  • Social cohesion
  • Social interaction
  • Environmental education
  • Economic development and employment (SDG 8)
  • Tourism support
  • Real estate development
  • Employment/job creation


Creation of semi-natural blue areas, Maintenance and management of urban nature, Management of rivers and other blue areas, Ecological restoration of degraded ecosystems, Protection of natural ecosystems, Knowledge creation and awareness raising, Improved governance of green or blue areas

Project objectives

1. To conserve the ecological balance, maintaining and restoring the number of flora and fauna, 2. To increase the flow of the Tuul river basin, plant C18 trees and create favorable environmental conditions 3. To increase the number of specially landscaped green facilities for people to relax, walk, and prevent lack of exercise. 4. To establish a plant laboratory to implement practical training and cognitive programs for students of general education schools and students studying natural sciences. 5. To increase the area of green and blue infrastructure in the city

Implementation activities

- Re-plant - Daily maintenance - Re-naturalization

Climate-focused activities

Climate change adaptation:

  • Increase or improve urban vegetation cover to help reduce outdoor temperature
  • Create or improve outdoor spaces to help people escape from urban heat
  • Renaturalization of rivers and other water bodies

Climate change mitigation:

  • Increase green urban nature for carbon storage (wetlands, tree cover)
  • Halt desertification by restoring grasslands or other nature-based solutions
  • Raise public awareness of behaviours, lifestyle and cultural changes with mitigation potential

Biodiversity conservation or restoration-focused activities

Biodiversity conservation:

  • Protect and enhance urban habitats
  • Preserve and strengthen existing habitats and ecosystems
  • Promote environmentally-sound development in and around protected areas
  • Reduce negative impacts and avoid the alteration/damage of ecosystem
  • Means for conservation governance
  • Raise public awareness
  • Public engagement
  • Create and use scientific knowledge for conservation
  • Protect and apply traditional knowledge and conservation practices

Biodiversity restoration:

  • Rehabilitate and restore damaged or destroyed ecosystems
  • Restore native species
  • Public engagement

Main beneficiaries

  • Local government/Municipality
  • Public sector institution (e.g. school or hospital)
  • Private sector/Corporate/Company
  • Citizens or community groups
  • Young people and children


Management set-up

  • Led by non-government actors

Type of initiating organisation

  • Citizens or community group
  • Private sector/corporate actor/company

Participatory approaches/ community involvement

  • Co-planning
  • Dissemination of information and education
  • Joint implementation (e.g. tree planting)

Details on the roles of the organisations involved in the project

An initiator E.Agar

Project implemented in response to ...

... an EU policy or strategy? Unknown
... a national policy or strategy? Yes (- National strategy for sustainable development - Green city action plan for the city of Ulaanbaatar)
... a local policy or strategy? Unknown


Total cost

€500,000 - €2,000,000

Source(s) of funding

  • Corporate investment
  • Private Foundation/Trust

Type of funding

Non-financial contribution

Impacts and Monitoring

Environmental impacts

  • Climate, energy and emissions
  • Lowered local temperature
  • Environmental quality
  • Improved air quality
  • Reduced noise exposure
  • Improved soil quality
  • Water management and blue areas
  • Enhanced protection and restoration of freshwater ecosystems
  • Green space and habitat
  • Promotion of naturalistic styles of landscape design for urban development
  • Increased green space area
  • Increase in protected green space areas
  • Increased number of protection areas
  • Increased conservation or restoration of ecosystems

Economic impacts

  • Increase of jobs
  • Increased property prices
  • Generation of income from NBS

Socio-cultural impacts

  • Social justice and cohesion
  • Improved social cohesion
  • Improved liveability
  • Improved access to urban green space
  • Increased opportunities for social interaction
  • Increased involvement of locals in the management of green spaces
  • Health and wellbeing
  • Improved physical health
  • Improved mental health
  • Gain in activities for recreation and exercise
  • Cultural heritage and sense of place
  • Improvement in people’s connection to nature
  • Preserved spiritual and religious values
  • Increased awareness of flora and fauna as culturally and historically meaningful
  • Increased appreciation for natural spaces
  • Education
  • Increased support for education and scientific research
  • Increased knowledge of locals about local nature
  • Increased awareness of NBS and their benefits
  • Safety
  • Improved community safety to climate-related hazards

Type of reported impacts

No impacts reported

Presence of formal monitoring system


Presence of indicators used in reporting

Presence of monitoring/ evaluation reports

Availability of a web-based monitoring tool