Palermo, Italy
City population: 653586
Duration: 1996 – 1998
Implementation status: Completed
Scale: Micro-scale: District/neighbourhood level
Project area: unknown
Type of area: Agricultural area, Residental
Last updated: October 2021

The intervention takes place in one of the most important parks in Palermo, and the area plays an important role, by hosting several plant and animal species, and the intervention consisted of creating an agricultural area within the park with a community-based approach. This proved that agricultural initiative had an economic role to play for the city, and at the same time can enhance social inclusiveness. (Ref.1.)


Nature-based solution

  • Parks and urban forests
  • Large urban parks or forests
  • Community gardens and allotments
  • Allotments
  • Community gardens

Key challenges

  • Green space, habitats and biodiversity (SDG 15)
  • Green space creation and/or management
  • Environmental quality
  • Air quality improvement
  • Inclusive and effective governance (SDG 16)
  • Inclusive governance
  • Effective management
  • Social justice, cohesion and equity (SDG 10)
  • Environmental education
  • Sustainable consumption and production (SDG 12)
  • Sustainable consumption
  • Sustainable production


Creation of new green areas, Improved governance of green or blue areas

Project objectives

The main goals of the project are: - involvement of the population in a project which gives value to resources of the territory; - environmental regeneration of the area; - preserving biodiversity; - enhancing scientific research; - focus on the governance of the natural area (Ref.2.).

Implementation activities

The activities implemented in order to reach the goals were: - regeneration of the walking path within the park by use of natural elements - reforestation of the external part to prevent the disintegration caused by rain - regeneration of fruit plants - realization of a small museum within the area to enhance culture and education. (Ref.2.)

Main beneficiaries

  • Local government/Municipality
  • Researchers/University
  • Citizens or community groups
  • Food producers and cultivators (i.e. farmers, gardeners)
  • Young people and children


Management set-up

  • Co-governance with government and non-government actors

Type of initiating organisation

  • Local government/municipality

Participatory approaches/ community involvement

  • Co-planning
  • Dissemination of information and education
  • Joint implementation (e.g. tree planting)

Details on the roles of the organisations involved in the project

The municipality of Palermo co-financed and implemented the project, together with the initiative Life - promoted by the University of Palermo and the CIA (Italian Confederation of Agriculture) -. The university gave contribution with scientific consultancy . The non-profit association "Il tardivo di Ciaculli" collaborated in the involvement of farmers and producers, while the community association "Il Nespolo" realized the interventions (Ref. 1&2)

Project implemented in response to ...

... an EU policy or strategy? Yes (The intervention was influenced by the EU DG XI. The DG Environment deals mainly with policy development and implementation where its work is guided by multiannual Environment Action Programmes. The General Union Environment Action Programme to 2020 (7th EAP) 'Living well, within the limits of our planet' guides European environment policy until 2020. The DG set its objectives through a multiannual strategic plan that aligns environmental policy with the political priorities of the Commission, and sets out the DG strategy to deliver on them - Strategic Plan 2016-2020 -. (Ref.2&3))
... a national policy or strategy? Unknown
... a local policy or strategy? Yes (The intervention was influenced by the local plan for the care of green areas and protection of cultural heritage of the city, namely "Regulation of sustainable development and protection of cultural heritage of the city" which sets norms and guidelines for the intervention process (Ref.1.))


Total cost

€500,000 - €2,000,000

Source(s) of funding

  • EU funds
  • Public national budget
  • Public local authority budget

Type of funding

  • Earmarked public budget
  • Direct funding or subsidy

Non-financial contribution

Type of non-financial contribution
  • Provision of land
  • Provision of labour
  • Provision of expertise
Who provided the non-financial contribution?
  • Public authorities (e.g. land, utility services)
  • Citizens (e.g. volunteering)

Impacts and Monitoring

Environmental impacts

  • Environmental quality
  • Improved air quality
  • Green space and habitat
  • Increased number of species present

Economic impacts

  • Unknown

Socio-cultural impacts

  • Social justice and cohesion
  • Increased involvement of locals in the management of green spaces
  • Increased access to healthy/affordable food
  • Increased sustainability of agriculture practices
  • Education
  • Increased knowledge of locals about local nature
  • Increased awareness of NBS and their benefits

Type of reported impacts

Achieved impacts

Presence of formal monitoring system


Presence of indicators used in reporting

No evidence in public records

Presence of monitoring/ evaluation reports


Availability of a web-based monitoring tool

No evidence in public records