Munich, Germany
City population: 1346481
Duration: 2007 – unknown
Implementation status: Completed
Scale: Micro-scale: District/neighbourhood level
Project area: unknown
Type of area: Previous derelict area, Residental
Last updated: October 2021

With the relocation of the railways between the Hauptbahnhof and Pasing a large area became available for an infill development strategy. The redevelopment of central railway areas of Munich is in line with the city's guidelines for sustainable development (Perspective München) referred to as compact - urban - green. The initiative is aimed at implementing 7500 new flats and creating 15000 new workplaces in total, which are supported by green recreational areas. (Reference 1) The project consists of six separately planned parts, some are already partially finished. (Reference 2) This NBS discusses Birketweg, one of these parts, which is 60 hectares large.

At the Hirschgarten


Nature-based solution

  • Grey infrastructure featuring greens
  • Railroad bank and track greens
  • Parks and urban forests
  • Large urban parks or forests
  • Green corridors and green belts

Key challenges

  • Green space, habitats and biodiversity (SDG 15)
  • Habitat and biodiversity conservation
  • Green space creation and/or management
  • Health and well-being (SDG 3)
  • Creation of opportunities for relaxation and recreation
  • Economic development and employment (SDG 8)
  • Real estate development


Maintenance and management of urban nature, Protection of natural ecosystems, Transformation of previously derelict areas, Monitoring of habitats and/or biodiversity

Project objectives

The goals of the project were to create apartments, office spaces and recreational areas in a neglected area while paying attention to nature conservation. Under nature conservation, the project is aimed at preserving of valuable "railway" biotopes, keeping an ecological corridor along the existing railway tracks and creating new biotopes. An important goal of the project is to protect specifically endangered species which exist in parts of the area, among them are species protected by the EU Habitats Directive. The project paid special attention to protect and promote the lizard population as an umbrella species, which support other species living in the railroad habitats (Reference 2, 3).

Implementation activities

- 5 out of the 10 hectares that were home to valuable habitats were preserved and restored. - specific maintenance and development standards were defined for all biotopes and are executed by the city’s construction department gardening section - all preserved habitats were granted long-term protection in the legally binding land-use plan. - 20-hectare large agricultural land was turned to a grassland habitat complex at the northern city rim in “Langwieder Haide”, as an external compensation to promote lizard population - Connecting the green corridor to the green infrastructure network of the city and linking the neighbourhood to the train station (Reference 2) - 20 building plots were developed, out there are 13 residential buildings. (Reference 1)

Biodiversity conservation or restoration-focused activities

Biodiversity conservation:

  • Protect and enhance urban habitats
  • Preserve and strengthen existing habitats and ecosystems
  • Protect species
  • Undertake specific measures to protect species
  • Undertake specific measures to protect endangered species
  • Undertake specific measures to protect valued species

Main beneficiaries

  • National-level government
  • Local government/Municipality
  • Private sector/Corporate/Company
  • Citizens or community groups


Management set-up

  • Government-led

Type of initiating organisation

  • Local government/municipality

Participatory approaches/ community involvement

  • Consultation (e.g. workshop, surveys)
  • Co-management/Joint management

Details on the roles of the organisations involved in the project

The project was initiated and led by the government, but several companies took part in the implementation. In order to make the neighborhood appealing, the City of Munich, together with Aurelis Real Estate and an advisory committee, has developed a design guide for building owners and planners on the area. The development and selection of the architecture and open space concepts took place by means of competing planning processes, with selected architecture offices and in realization competitions. (Reference 1)

Project implemented in response to ...

... an EU policy or strategy? Yes (The railway area was derelict for two decades and was inhabited by endangered species, among others species that are protected by the EU Habitats Directive. Therefore, from the very beginning of the planning the issues of biodiversity was taken into consideration (Reference 2).)
... a national policy or strategy? Yes (Right before the land-use plan was coming into force in 2007 the Federal Conservation Act strengthened species protection based on the EU Habitats Directive, and thus a strategy to protect and promote the lizard population was developed (Reference 2))
... a local policy or strategy? Yes (The development of the central railway area is in line with the city's strategy for a sustainable urban development from 1998 (Munich: Future Perspective) focusing on three dimensions: compact, urban, green (Reference 2).)


Total cost


Source(s) of funding

  • Unknown

Type of funding

  • Unknown

Non-financial contribution


Impacts and Monitoring

Environmental impacts

  • Climate, energy and emissions
  • Lowered local temperature
  • Green space and habitat
  • Increased conservation or restoration of ecosystems
  • Increase in protected green space areas
  • Reduced biodiversity loss
  • Increased number of species present
  • Restoration of derelict areas

Economic impacts

  • Unknown

Socio-cultural impacts

  • Unknown

Type of reported impacts

Achieved impacts

Presence of formal monitoring system


Presence of indicators used in reporting


Presence of monitoring/ evaluation reports


Availability of a web-based monitoring tool

No evidence in public records


At the Hirschgarten
Residential Area Am Hirschgarten (2017)
Photographer: Michael Nagy, retrieved 08/15/2018 from Dina Straße