Kraków, Poland
City population: 760089
Duration: 2017 – ongoing
Implementation status: Ongoing
Scale: Meso-scale: Regional, metropolitan and urban level, Sub-microscale: Street scale (including buildings)
Project area: unknown
Type of area: Building
Last updated: October 2021

The project called “The Apiary of Kraków” includes several interrelated initiatives to establish beehives on the rooftops of various institutions in Cracow. The aim is to provide habitat for bees, and protect biodiversity, support urban pollination, increase social awareness on the topic. Urban honey is of better quality than honey produced in rural areas where pesticides are more common. The local administration-led initiative aims to promote Cracow as a pro-ecological city which soon will be selling its honey [1,2,3,4].

The Apiary of Cracow
Source: https://www.radiokrakow.pl/wiadomosci/krakow/w-pasiece-krakow-stanely-kolejne-ule/

Overview

Nature-based solution

  • Grey infrastructure featuring greens
  • Other

Key challenges

  • Green space, habitats and biodiversity (SDG 15)
  • Habitat and biodiversity conservation
  • Inclusive and effective governance (SDG 16)
  • Effective management
  • Economic development and employment (SDG 8)
  • Tourism support
  • Sustainable consumption and production (SDG 12)
  • Sustainable consumption
  • Sustainable production

Focus

Knowledge creation and awareness raising, Monitoring of habitats and/or biodiversity

Project objectives

The aim is to provide habitat for bees, and protect biodiversity, support urban pollination, increase social awareness on the topic. Urban honey is of better quality than honey produced in rural areas where pesticides are more common. The local administration-led initiative aims to promote Cracow as a pro-ecological city which soon will be selling its honey [1,2,3,4].

Implementation activities

At the beginning of 2017, five beehives were established on the rooftops of five buildings in Cracow; later two more apiaries appeared in the roof of the city’s major theatre (Teat rim. Słowackiego) [2,6]. The citizens have also found a 'honey' garden in the centre of Cracow and organised educational workshops on themes like ‘how to build houses for pollinators and what plants are best for those insects.’ [1] Around 375.000 bees had been already living on the rooftop of Jagiellonian University in Cracow [2].

Biodiversity conservation or restoration-focused activities

Biodiversity conservation:

  • Protect and enhance urban habitats
  • Create new habitats
  • Protect species
  • Undertake specific measures to protect species
  • Undertake specific measures to protect endangered species
  • Means for conservation governance
  • Manage biological resources for conservation and sustainable use
  • Raise public awareness

Main beneficiaries

  • Local government/Municipality
  • Non-government organisation/Civil Society
  • Researchers/University
  • Citizens or community groups

Governance

Management set-up

  • Co-governance with government and non-government actors

Type of initiating organisation

  • Local government/municipality
  • Private sector/corporate actor/company
  • Researchers/university

Participatory approaches/ community involvement

  • Dissemination of information and education

Details on the roles of the organisations involved in the project

In 2017, Jagiellonian University purchased bees from the "Szeligów" apiary near Cracow and established beehives on the roofs of its multiple buildings. The citizens got involved in the educational workshops there. The municipality followed that initiative and decided to scale it in two steps: 1) new regulations on beehives were introduced; 2) the city itself invested in new rooftop apiaries in Cracow [2,3,4].

Project implemented in response to ...

... an EU policy or strategy? Unknown
... a national policy or strategy? Unknown
... a local policy or strategy? Yes (The City Council started the project "Apiary Cracow", which contributes to forming new beehives on the rooftops. The project is meant to help to promote Cracow as an eco-city.(2))

Financing

Total cost

Unknown

Source(s) of funding

  • Public local authority budget

Type of funding

  • Earmarked public budget

Non-financial contribution

Type of non-financial contribution
  • Provision of labour
Who provided the non-financial contribution?
  • Citizens (e.g. volunteering)

Impacts and Monitoring

Environmental impacts

  • Green space and habitat
  • Increased conservation or restoration of ecosystems
  • Increased number of species present
  • Increased protection of threatened species
  • Enhanced support of pollination

Economic impacts

  • Unknown

Socio-cultural impacts

  • Education
  • Increased support for education and scientific research
  • Increased knowledge of locals about local nature
  • Increased awareness of NBS and their benefits

Type of reported impacts

Achieved impacts

Presence of formal monitoring system

Yes

Presence of indicators used in reporting

Yes

Presence of monitoring/ evaluation reports

No evidence in public records

Availability of a web-based monitoring tool

No evidence in public records

References