Iaşi, Romania
City population: 291977
Duration: 2003 – 2006
Implementation status: Completed
Scale: Micro-scale: District/neighbourhood level
Project area: 2240000 m2
Type of area: Previous derelict area, Natural Heritage Area
Last updated: October 2021

The "Ciobarciu wetland" project resulted in the creation of a wetland area of ​​about 224 hectares near the city of Iasi (30 Km distance). The area of ​​nature thus became in spring and autumn a significant resting place for migratory birds, and the specific types of natural vegetation are growing again, constituting a natural habitat for the locales specific to these places. The project was developed by the National Administration of the Romanian Waters alongside the Dutch Government in order to restore the area and to include it in the ecosystem of the place (1)

View of the wetland
https://www.google.com/search?q=zona+umeda+ciobarciu+poze&rlz=1C1CHBF_enRO880RO880&sxsrf=ALeKk00hx9yRBQsSGE-AT6GqN5S5brcviw:1598260908936&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiRzfDtwbPrAhWtw4sKHWBWAyAQ_AUoAnoECAsQBA&biw=1280&bih=561#imgrc=3nWlqmyKzd3biM

Overview

Nature-based solution

  • Blue infrastructure
  • Wetlands/bogs/fens/marshes

Key challenges

  • Water management (SDG 6)
  • Flood protection
  • Improvements to water quality
  • Green space, habitats and biodiversity (SDG 15)
  • Habitat and biodiversity conservation
  • Environmental quality
  • Air quality improvement
  • Noise reduction
  • Health and well-being (SDG 3)
  • Enabling physical activity
  • Creation of opportunities for relaxation and recreation
  • Economic development and employment (SDG 8)
  • Tourism support
  • Cultural heritage and cultural diversity
  • Preservation of natural heritage

Focus

Protection of natural ecosystems, Knowledge creation and awareness raising, Management of rivers and other blue areas

Project objectives

1. Wetlands function like a sponge, soaking up water that comes in with the tides, or from periodically flooding rivers; 2. Provide a wildlife nursery; 3. To provide a pollution filter; 4. To increase access to wildlife, pristine ecosystems; 5. To provide a storm buffer for the area; 6. Between bird watching, biking, hiking, and kayaking, wetlands provide people with many ways to enjoy nature; 7. To provide fertile farmland: Many commercially important fish species, reeds and papyrus are also harvested in wetlands; 8. Raising the water level of the embanked area with a regulating water outlet structure; 9. Creation of a variety of habitats -from dry land to spots with deep water by digging; 10. Regulation of hydrological cycle and water flow; 11. Biodiversity and gene-pool conservation in riparian areas (2,3).

Implementation activities

October 2003 - Land evaluation. • 2005-2006 - Land purchase of 224ha grassland from approximately 400 landowners. • Community participated in scheme design. • Channels created between embankments to improve connectivity, inner embankments removed completely. • Restoration of old meanders. • Restored flow on the Old Jijia River. (4)

Biodiversity conservation or restoration-focused activities

Biodiversity conservation:

  • Protect and enhance urban habitats
  • Preserve and strengthen existing habitats and ecosystems
  • Protect species
  • Undertake specific measures to protect species
  • Means for conservation governance
  • Manage biological resources for conservation and sustainable use
  • Raise public awareness
  • Create and use scientific knowledge for conservation

Main beneficiaries

  • National-level government
  • Local government/Municipality
  • Non-government organisation/Civil Society
  • Researchers/University
  • Citizens or community groups
  • Young people and children

Governance

Management set-up

  • Co-governance with government and non-government actors

Type of initiating organisation

  • National government

Participatory approaches/ community involvement

  • Consultation (e.g. workshop, surveys)

Details on the roles of the organisations involved in the project

Application was initiated by Apele Romane. (Prut Directorate) - regional water authority in the Northeast of Romania with the support of: 'Institute for Inland Water Management and Waste Water Support Treatment (RIZA), 'Het Drentse Landschap (NGO for nature management) (1) Apele Romane (Prut Directorate) is a subsidiary of the Romanian Ministry of Environment, Waters and Forests and it is coordinated by it. The initiative has been partly supported by the Dutch Government whose role limited to finances.

Project implemented in response to ...

... an EU policy or strategy? Yes (This intervention was related to the Council Directive 92/43/EEC on the Conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora and it was seen as a prerequisite for Romania's adherence to the EU in 2007. (6))
... a national policy or strategy? Unknown
... a local policy or strategy? Unknown

Financing

Total cost

€100,000 - €500,000

Source(s) of funding

  • Public national budget
  • Public local authority budget
  • Funds provided by non-governmental organization (NGO)
  • Other

Type of funding

  • Earmarked public budget
  • Direct funding or subsidy
  • Donations

Non-financial contribution

No

Impacts and Monitoring

Environmental impacts

  • Water management and blue areas
  • Improved water quality
  • Green space and habitat
  • Increased conservation or restoration of ecosystems
  • Reduced biodiversity loss
  • Increased number of species present

Economic impacts

  • More sustainable tourism

Socio-cultural impacts

  • Unknown

Type of reported impacts

Achieved impacts

Presence of formal monitoring system

Yes

Presence of indicators used in reporting

Yes

Presence of monitoring/ evaluation reports

Yes

Availability of a web-based monitoring tool

No evidence in public records

References