Genova, Italy
City population: 588904
Duration: 2001 – 2004
Implementation status: Completed
Scale: Meso-scale: Regional, metropolitan and urban level
Project area: 350000 m2
Type of area: Agricultural area, Natural Heritage Area, Other
Last updated: October 2021

The "PROSIT" project aimed at undertaking a series of actions based on environmentally compatible mechanisms to protect and recover the coastal rural territory of Cinque Terre. Today, the terraced landscape is characterised by intense processes of land abandonment and disuse, caused both by practical and economic difficulties of maintenance and by social changes. There is a risk that the damage caused by land abandonment can compromise the area's delicate hydrogeological balance, especially in an area where landslides and floods are highly common (1). A demonstration project to recover abandoned terraces was carried out in five areas of the park (1).


Nature-based solution

  • Community gardens and allotments
  • Community gardens
  • Horticulture

Key challenges

  • Water management (SDG 6)
  • Flood protection
  • Stormwater and rainfall management and storage
  • Coastal resilience and marine protection (SDG 14)
  • Coastal protection
  • Green space, habitats and biodiversity (SDG 15)
  • Habitat and biodiversity restoration
  • Habitat and biodiversity conservation
  • Environmental quality
  • Soil quality improvement
  • Regeneration, land-use and urban development
  • Conversion of former industrial areas
  • Social justice, cohesion and equity (SDG 10)
  • Environmental education
  • Economic development and employment (SDG 8)
  • Economic development: agriculture
  • Cultural heritage and cultural diversity
  • Preservation of natural heritage
  • Preservation of historic traditions
  • Sustainable consumption and production (SDG 12)
  • Sustainable production


Coastal landscape management or protection, Transformation of previously derelict areas, Knowledge creation and awareness raising, Other

Project objectives

Main goals were: - Restoring disused agricultural areas; - Increase the share of natural areas and the biodiversity rate; - Preserve soil morphology and property; - Promote and encourage organic farming processes (3).

Implementation activities

The project was to have three phases: preparatory, planning and implementation and was to be developed along two territorial levels: the entire coastal territory and an experimental area of a limited size. To promote awareness among the local population in the preparatory phase, "Forums" were to be organised, in which all actors involved in the project and other interested parties took part. During the planning phase, the most vulnerable areas and areas where recovery still appeared possible were to be identified. Planning tools were to be elaborated for the recovery of rural areas and to promote regulatory adjustment by stakeholders. Furthermore, agricultural workers were to be motivated, and the insertion of young farmers fostered. During the implementation phase, a pilot, demonstration project to recover abandoned terraces was to be carried out in five areas of the park - vines were to be replanted and basil, lemons and oil were to be cultivated organically (1).

Biodiversity conservation or restoration-focused activities

Biodiversity conservation:

  • Protect and enhance urban habitats
  • Preserve and strengthen existing habitats and ecosystems
  • Protect species
  • Undertake specific measures to protect species
  • Undertake specific measures to protect native species
  • Undertake specific measures to protect valued species
  • Means for conservation governance
  • Public engagement
  • Capacity building
  • Protect and apply traditional knowledge and conservation practices

Biodiversity restoration:

  • Restore species (native, endangered, or unspecified)
  • Restore native species
  • Restore valued species
  • Public engagement

Main beneficiaries

  • Local government/Municipality
  • Private sector/Corporate/Company
  • Citizens or community groups
  • Food producers and cultivators (i.e. farmers, gardeners)
  • Young people and children


Management set-up

  • Co-governance with government and non-government actors

Type of initiating organisation

  • National government

Participatory approaches/ community involvement

  • Taskforce groups
  • Dissemination of information and education
  • Other

Details on the roles of the organisations involved in the project

Parco nazionale delle Cinque Terre is the Park-Reserve authority and coordinator of the project in cooperation with Coop Agricoltura Cinque Terre A.P.T. 5 Terre e Golfo dei Poeti Comune di Vernazza Comune di Riomaggiore Comune di Monterosso (1). Since this NBS was part of the EU LIFE Project, part of the budget (271,470.00 €) came from EU financing (1). This project was a result of a partnership between the national government, local municipalities, the University of Genova and local communities of land workers (1, 2 and 3).

Project implemented in response to ...

... an EU policy or strategy? Yes (- Land & Soil - Regulation 2078/92 - Marine environment and Coasts - Recommendation 2002/413 EC - "Implementation of Integrated Coastal Zone Management in Europe" (1))
... a national policy or strategy? Unknown (I could not find explicit reference to that. )
... a local policy or strategy? Unknown (I could not find explicit reference to that. )


Total cost

€500,000 - €2,000,000

Source(s) of funding

  • EU funds
  • Public national budget

Type of funding

  • Earmarked public budget

Non-financial contribution


Impacts and Monitoring

Environmental impacts

  • Climate, energy and emissions
  • Strengthened capacity to address climate hazards/natural disasters
  • Water management and blue areas
  • Increased protection against flooding
  • Green space and habitat
  • Increased conservation or restoration of ecosystems
  • Increased number of species present
  • Restoration of derelict areas
  • Other

Economic impacts

  • Increase of jobs
  • Generation of income from NBS

Socio-cultural impacts

  • Social justice and cohesion
  • Increased opportunities for social interaction
  • Increased involvement of locals in the management of green spaces
  • Increased sustainability of agriculture practices
  • Cultural heritage and sense of place
  • Protection of natural heritage
  • Protection of historic and cultural landscape / infrastructure
  • Education
  • Increased support for education and scientific research
  • Increased knowledge of locals about local nature
  • Increased awareness of NBS and their benefits

Type of reported impacts

Expected impacts, Achieved impacts

Presence of formal monitoring system


Presence of indicators used in reporting

No evidence in public records

Presence of monitoring/ evaluation reports


Availability of a web-based monitoring tool

No evidence in public records