Gdynia, Poland
City population: 252461
Duration: 2010 – 2018
Implementation status: Completed
Scale: Sub-microscale: Street scale (including buildings)
Project area: 50000 m2
Type of area: Natural Heritage Area
Last updated: October 2021

A botanical garden in a forest was created owing to the cooperation of Gdansk Forest District with the city of Gdynia and the University of Gdansk. It consists of 27 thematic collections, covering ca. 50 ha, and adjacent forest phytocoenoses. The garden is specialized in showcasing trees, shrubs and herbaceous plants of the nemoral and boreal zone, particularly species indigenous for the Pomorze Gdanskie region. The garden protects a collection of species endangered and rare in the region and protected by law, as well as an orchard of old forms of fruit trees and shrubs [1,3]. The initial works have been completed, but greenery planting and further investments in the garden are ongoing. The botanical garden is a long-term undertaking and many plants were planted long before the construction began and the garden will "grow" up to 20 years [5].

Botanical Garden in Gdynia
Source: https://gdynia.naszemiasto.pl/gdynia-nowe-okazy-trafia-wiosna-do-lesnego-ogrodu/ga/c8-1668395/zd/4152519

Overview

Nature-based solution

  • Parks and urban forests
  • Large urban parks or forests
  • Botanical gardens

Key challenges

  • Green space, habitats and biodiversity (SDG 15)
  • Habitat and biodiversity conservation
  • Social justice, cohesion and equity (SDG 10)
  • Environmental education
  • Social interaction
  • Cultural heritage and cultural diversity
  • Preservation of natural heritage

Focus

Maintenance and management of urban nature, Knowledge creation and awareness raising, Monitoring of habitats and/or biodiversity

Project objectives

1) A rich collection of a variety of plants from across the world; 2) Observation and documentation; 3) Education and popularization of knowledge about nature conservation; 4) Participation in scientific research on the conservation of endangered species in the natural environment; 5) Providing resources for visitors, scientific and educational institutions - free education for sustainable development; 6) Cooperation with other institutions of similar profile, with scientific units and educational institutions [2,4].

Implementation activities

1) A rich collection of a variety of plants from across the world; 2) Observation and documentation; 3) Education and popularization of knowledge about nature conservation; 4) Participation in scientific research on the conservation of endangered species in the natural environment; 5) Providing resources for visitors, scientific and educational institutions - free education for sustainable development; 6) Cooperation with other institutions of similar profile, with scientific units and educational institutions [2,4].

Biodiversity conservation or restoration-focused activities

Biodiversity conservation:

  • Protect and enhance urban habitats
  • Preserve and strengthen existing habitats and ecosystems
  • Create new habitats
  • Protect species
  • Undertake specific measures to protect species
  • Take measures for ex situ conservation
  • Means for conservation governance
  • Manage biological resources for conservation and sustainable use
  • Raise public awareness
  • Public engagement
  • Create and use scientific knowledge for conservation
  • Capacity building

Main beneficiaries

  • Public sector institution (e.g. school or hospital)
  • Citizens or community groups

Governance

Management set-up

  • Co-governance with government and non-government actors

Type of initiating organisation

  • Local government/municipality
  • Researchers/university

Participatory approaches/ community involvement

  • Unknown

Details on the roles of the organisations involved in the project

The garden was created thanks to the cooperation of Gdansk Forest District with the city of Gdynia and the University of Gdansk. It received national funds from the Environmental Protection and Water Management Fund and it is run by the Gdansk Forest District in cooperation with the University of Gdansk [1,2,5].

Project implemented in response to ...

... an EU policy or strategy? Unknown
... a national policy or strategy? Unknown
... a local policy or strategy? Unknown

Financing

Total cost

€100,000 - €500,000

Source(s) of funding

  • Public national budget
  • Public local authority budget

Type of funding

  • Earmarked public budget
  • Direct funding or subsidy

Non-financial contribution

Unknown

Impacts and Monitoring

Environmental impacts

  • Green space and habitat
  • Promotion of naturalistic styles of landscape design for urban development
  • Increased number of protection areas
  • Increased conservation or restoration of ecosystems
  • Reduced biodiversity loss
  • Increased number of species present
  • Increased protection of threatened species

Economic impacts

  • Increase of jobs
  • More sustainable tourism
  • Generation of income from NBS

Socio-cultural impacts

  • Social justice and cohesion
  • Improved access to urban green space
  • Health and wellbeing
  • Gain in activities for recreation and exercise
  • Cultural heritage and sense of place
  • Improvement in people’s connection to nature
  • Protection of natural heritage
  • Increased awareness of flora and fauna as culturally and historically meaningful
  • Increased appreciation for natural spaces
  • Education
  • Increased support for education and scientific research
  • Increased knowledge of locals about local nature
  • Increased awareness of NBS and their benefits

Type of reported impacts

Achieved impacts

Presence of formal monitoring system

No

Presence of indicators used in reporting

No

Presence of monitoring/ evaluation reports

No

Availability of a web-based monitoring tool

No

References