Córdoba, Spain
City population: 329259
Duration: 2004 – 2007
Implementation status: Completed
Scale: Micro-scale: District/neighbourhood level
Project area: 276328 m2
Type of area: Other
Last updated: October 2021

The park was designed to simulate a Mediterranean forest with 18 native species of Mediterranean flora. The water is being reused in order to avoid the depletion of aquifers (Ref. 1). Ecological vegetable gardens were created destined to community horticulture workshops organized by the city council (Ref. 2 and 3). The park was awarded a special prize in environmental Justice in 2010 by the Biodiversity Foundation through the "Life + European Capitals of Biodiversity"(Ref. 7 and 8), as a project that promotes environmental protection and social integration in the city. The inauguration of the park took place in 2007"(Ref. 1)

Asomadilla Park
Fran Froche, retrieved 07/09/2018


Nature-based solution

  • Parks and urban forests
  • Large urban parks or forests
  • Community gardens and allotments
  • Community gardens

Key challenges

  • Green space, habitats and biodiversity (SDG 15)
  • Habitat and biodiversity conservation
  • Green space creation and/or management
  • Social justice, cohesion and equity (SDG 10)
  • Environmental education
  • Social justice and equity
  • Environmental and climate justice
  • Social cohesion
  • Social interaction
  • Health and well-being (SDG 3)
  • Enabling physical activity
  • Creation of opportunities for relaxation and recreation
  • Cultural heritage and cultural diversity
  • Preservation of natural heritage
  • Sustainable consumption and production (SDG 12)
  • Sustainable production


Creation of new green areas, Knowledge creation and awareness raising, Monitoring of habitats and/or biodiversity

Project objectives

This NBS aimed to recreate a Mediterranean forest ecosystem as a way to promote environmental and social values (Ref. 1,9,10). Social values include education, recreation, and equal access to green spaces (Ref. 4). The project also aims to promote natural heritage (Ref. 9,10).

Implementation activities

Green space creation of 27 ha (Ref. 1) Recreational areas, including "children's play areas, a basketball court and football hall, as well as a viewpoint from which you can contemplate the city of Cordoba" (Ref. 1) Opportunities for children to learn about flora and fauna of the urban park (Ref. 9) "The Municipal Environmental Management Institute of Córdoba (IMGEMA) organizes , in the Asomadilla Park, various activities related to the environment such as the Organic Garden . The activities are carried out both in the Aula del la Naturaleza and in the rest of the park." (1) "We can enjoy this small orchard in which the Municipal Environmental Management Institute (IMGEMA) organizes different educational workshops.The use and exploitation of the Orchard are directly linked to the Nature Hall and is organized in 27 plots with several rest areas." (Ref. 1) Aula de la Naturaleza organizing horticulture workshops and other environmental protection seminars (Ref. 3): "in its facilities it hosts a conference room for 60 people , with 167 m², for exhibitions, talks and other activities"(Ref. 1) -"The cistern located under the Mirador , which with its 1,500 m³ capacity, water is available for the irrigation of all park." (Ref. 1) -A virtual tour of the park is available (Ref. 12)

Biodiversity conservation or restoration-focused activities

Biodiversity conservation:

  • Protect and enhance urban habitats
  • Preserve and strengthen existing habitats and ecosystems
  • Create new habitats
  • Protect species
  • Undertake specific measures to protect species
  • Means for conservation governance
  • Raise public awareness
  • Public engagement

Main beneficiaries

  • Local government/Municipality
  • Citizens or community groups


Management set-up

  • Co-governance with government and non-government actors

Type of initiating organisation

  • Local government/municipality
  • District/neighbourhood association

Participatory approaches/ community involvement

  • Dissemination of information and education
  • Citizen oversight (e.g. boards, advisory)

Details on the roles of the organisations involved in the project

"The inauguration of the park took place in March 2007, responding to a social demand that the neighbors had been demanding for 25 years" (Ref 1). "In 1983 , the Association of residents of Valdeolleros proposed the construction of a park in their area". (Ref. 6) "The magnitude of the work forced three companies to form a UTE (Granadal SL, Urpaca and Santa Marta) to execute it." (Ref. 4) -The Municipality of Cordoba was the initiator of the project after the request of the residents (Ref. 1,4).

Project implemented in response to ...

... an EU policy or strategy? Unknown
... a national policy or strategy? Unknown
... a local policy or strategy? Unknown


Total cost

More than €4,000,000

Source(s) of funding

  • Public local authority budget
  • Unknown

Type of funding

  • Direct funding or subsidy

Non-financial contribution


Impacts and Monitoring

Environmental impacts

  • Water management and blue areas
  • Improved water quality
  • Green space and habitat
  • Increased green space area
  • Increased conservation or restoration of ecosystems
  • Reduced biodiversity loss
  • Increased number of species present
  • Increased protection of threatened species
  • Other

Economic impacts

  • Unknown

Socio-cultural impacts

  • Social justice and cohesion
  • Improved social cohesion
  • Improved access to urban green space
  • Increased opportunities for social interaction
  • Health and wellbeing
  • Gain in activities for recreation and exercise
  • Cultural heritage and sense of place
  • Protection of natural heritage
  • Education
  • Increased support for education and scientific research
  • Increased knowledge of locals about local nature
  • Increased awareness of NBS and their benefits

Type of reported impacts

Achieved impacts

Presence of formal monitoring system


Presence of indicators used in reporting

No evidence in public records

Presence of monitoring/ evaluation reports

No evidence in public records

Availability of a web-based monitoring tool



Source: Ref. 1
Source: Ref. 1
Source: Ref. 1