Bradford, United Kingdom
City population: 521035
Duration: 2003 – 2005
Implementation status: Completed
Scale: Micro-scale: District/neighbourhood level
Project area: 74456 m2
Type of area: Cultural Heritage Area, Public Greenspace Area
Last updated: October 2021

Bowling Park is a public urban park and the key purpose is to grow fruit, develop wildlife habitats and create sociable urban green space as well as maximise the biodiversity of the site and minimise any adverse impact on the environment. The orchard, along with allotment sites, as a whole is a valuable part of the Green Infrastructure Network in Bradford (ref 1). The orchard is developed on six disused allotment plots adjacent to Bowling Park. In March 2003 the orchard has planted over 40 trees including- 35 varieties of apple, 6 pears and 4 plums (ref2).

Bowling Park Community Orchard


Nature-based solution

  • Parks and urban forests
  • Pocket parks/neighbourhood green spaces
  • Community gardens and allotments
  • Allotments
  • Community gardens
  • Blue infrastructure
  • Lakes/ponds

Key challenges

  • Green space, habitats and biodiversity (SDG 15)
  • Habitat and biodiversity conservation
  • Green space creation and/or management
  • Regeneration, land-use and urban development
  • Promotion of naturalistic urban landscape design
  • Social justice, cohesion and equity (SDG 10)
  • Environmental education
  • Social cohesion
  • Social interaction
  • Economic development and employment (SDG 8)
  • Economic development: agriculture
  • Sustainable consumption and production (SDG 12)
  • Sustainable production


Maintenance and management of urban nature, Ecological restoration of degraded ecosystems, Transformation of previously derelict areas

Project objectives

The key purpose is to create a healthy, productive organic orchard that incorporates a range of wildlife habitats in order to provide the natural infrastructure for organic cultivation processes, and also to create an educational natural green space. Additionally, the project aims to maximise the biodiversity of the site and minimise any adverse impacts on the environment. Such as the creation of a pond to encourage insects, amphibians and birds(ref 1). Offer people to learn about plants and also generate local business by selling apple and other products (ref 4).

Implementation activities

The orchard was created on six disused allotment plots. There are about 40 varieties of fruit, mostly apples. The orchard is being managed for the benefit of wildlife and to create space for social events. (reference 3) A small pond has been created to encourage insects, amphibians and birds. Bird boxes, insect homes and boxes add to the hibernation and roosting places for wildlife, allowing the orchard to support diverse populations. (reference 1) Products from the orchards sold in the community to generate revenue (ref 4).

Biodiversity conservation or restoration-focused activities

Biodiversity conservation:

  • Protect and enhance urban habitats
  • Create new habitats
  • Protect species
  • Undertake specific measures to protect species
  • Undertake specific measures to protect native species
  • Means for conservation governance
  • Public engagement

Main beneficiaries

  • Citizens or community groups
  • Food producers and cultivators (i.e. farmers, gardeners)


Management set-up

  • Led by non-government actors

Type of initiating organisation

  • Private foundation/trust

Participatory approaches/ community involvement

  • Joint implementation (e.g. tree planting)

Details on the roles of the organisations involved in the project

BEES Conservation volunteer group are the main group undertaking the management of the orchard. (reference 1)

Project implemented in response to ...

... an EU policy or strategy? Unknown
... a national policy or strategy? Yes (Green Infrastructure (GI) strategy by Natural England is promoting the concept of Green Infrastructure as a way to deliver a wide range of benefits for people and the natural environment together. (reference 1))
... a local policy or strategy? Unknown


Total cost


Source(s) of funding

  • Public local authority budget

Type of funding

  • Direct funding or subsidy

Non-financial contribution


Impacts and Monitoring

Environmental impacts

  • Green space and habitat
  • Increased green space area
  • Increased number of species present
  • Enhanced support of pollination

Economic impacts

  • Generation of income from NBS

Socio-cultural impacts

  • Social justice and cohesion
  • Fair distribution of social, environmental and economic benefits of the NBS project
  • Increased opportunities for social interaction
  • Cultural heritage and sense of place
  • Protection of historic and cultural landscape / infrastructure
  • Education
  • Increased support for education and scientific research
  • Increased knowledge of locals about local nature
  • Increased awareness of NBS and their benefits

Type of reported impacts

Achieved impacts

Presence of formal monitoring system


Presence of indicators used in reporting

No evidence in public records

Presence of monitoring/ evaluation reports

No evidence in public records

Availability of a web-based monitoring tool

No evidence in public records