Antwerpen, Belgium
City population: 499254
Duration: 2014 – 2015
Implementation status: Completed
Scale: Sub-microscale: Street scale (including buildings)
Project area: unknown
Type of area: Other
Last updated: October 2021

The green roof and courtyard/patio on a new campus building of the University of Applied Sciences consist of trees and plants that reduce temperature and improve air quality. The plants are grown on a thick substrate layer that allows for extra stormwater storage. The vegetation also provides habitat for species such as insects, filters particulates from the air and reduces noise, and creates aesthetic value for patients in a nearby hospital (Ref. 1).

Green Roof on Campus Building
Frederik Beyens, Susan Lambeck and Stramien, retrieved 09/20/2018 from Marijke De Bie


Nature-based solution

  • Nature on buildings
  • Green roofs
  • Other
  • Green areas for water management
  • Other

Key challenges

  • Climate action for adaptation, resilience and mitigation (SDG 13)
  • Climate change adaptation
  • Water management (SDG 6)
  • Stormwater and rainfall management and storage
  • Green space, habitats and biodiversity (SDG 15)
  • Habitat and biodiversity conservation
  • Green space creation and/or management
  • Environmental quality
  • Air quality improvement
  • Noise reduction
  • Health and well-being (SDG 3)
  • Creation of opportunities for relaxation and recreation
  • Economic development and employment (SDG 8)
  • Real estate development


Creation of new green areas

Project objectives

The main goals of the green roof and green courtyard / patio were improvement of air quality (by filtering particulates), creating aesthetic value for students, citizens and employees of the surrounding buildings and patients of the hospital, attraction of insects (habitat), storm water retention and reducing temperature (Ref. 1, 2).

Implementation activities

Building the campus building that hosts 1500 students (Ref. 1). Creating a green roof with diverse vegetation that attracts insects with an extra thick substrate layer, that creates a nice view from the surrounding buildings (Ref. 1). Creating a patio / courtyard with Cornus trees and vegetation with a manageable irrigation system at the heart of the campus building (Ref. 2). "The roof garden is also favorable for urban nature: the green roof offers space for a variety of partially indigenous plant species and therefore also spontaneous insect species. Finally, the green roof filters fine dust from the air and absorbs sound; two major city themes today" (Ref. 1). "The patio of Campus Noord is more than an inner garden. It is the central space around which circulation, meeting and communal functions are grouped" (Ref. 3).

Climate-focused activities

Climate change adaptation:

  • Implement green walls or roofs to lower indoor temperature and provide insulation
  • Create or improve outdoor spaces to help people escape from urban heat

Biodiversity conservation or restoration-focused activities

Biodiversity conservation:

  • Protect and enhance urban habitats
  • Create new habitats
  • Protect species
  • Undertake specific measures to protect species

Main beneficiaries

  • Public sector institution (e.g. school or hospital)
  • Citizens or community groups
  • Marginalized groups: Other


Management set-up

  • Government-led

Type of initiating organisation

  • Public sector institution

Participatory approaches/ community involvement

  • Unknown

Details on the roles of the organisations involved in the project

The campus building is initiated by the Artesis Plantijn Hogeschool Antwerpen (University of Applied Sciences) and financed by the Province of Antwerp (regional government) (Ref. 1, 4, 5). The building was designed by Stramien architects and built by Van Laere (building company) ( Ref. 1,4). The plants, the substrate layer and the irrigation system were provided by H4A (landscape development company) and the trees by Van den Berk (tree company) (Ref. 2).

Project implemented in response to ...

... an EU policy or strategy? Unknown
... a national policy or strategy? Unknown
... a local policy or strategy? Unknown


Total cost

More than €4,000,000

Source(s) of funding

  • Public regional budget

Type of funding

  • Earmarked public budget
  • Direct funding or subsidy

Non-financial contribution


Impacts and Monitoring

Environmental impacts

  • Climate, energy and emissions
  • Lowered local temperature
  • Environmental quality
  • Improved air quality
  • Reduced noise exposure
  • Water management and blue areas
  • Improved stormwater management
  • Green space and habitat
  • Increased green space area
  • Increased number of species present

Economic impacts

  • Unknown

Socio-cultural impacts

  • Social justice and cohesion
  • Improved access to urban green space
  • Increased opportunities for social interaction
  • Health and wellbeing
  • Gain in activities for recreation and exercise

Type of reported impacts

Achieved impacts

Presence of formal monitoring system


Presence of indicators used in reporting

No evidence in public records

Presence of monitoring/ evaluation reports

No evidence in public records

Availability of a web-based monitoring tool

No evidence in public records


Courtyard on Campus Building
Frederik Beyens, Susan Lambeck and Stramien, retrieved 09/20/2018 from Marijke De Bie