Amsterdam, Netherlands
City population: 1006832
Duration: 2011 – 2011
Implementation status: Completed
Scale: Micro-scale: District/neighbourhood level
Project area: unknown
Type of area: Residental
Last updated: October 2021

The green initiative 'Oost Indisch Groen' (East Indian Green) is a citizen initiative to make the neighbourhood more sustainable, fun and healthy by means of active citizenship. The key NBS initiative is the neighbourhood garden ('Buurttuin Oost Indisch Groen') in which vegetables are grown with a community kitchen that supports social cohesion and that also gives space for an educational workshop on gardening and sustainability-related topics (1, 6,7)



Nature-based solution

  • Grey infrastructure featuring greens
  • Green playgrounds and school grounds
  • Community gardens and allotments
  • Community gardens

Key challenges

  • Green space, habitats and biodiversity (SDG 15)
  • Green space creation and/or management
  • Regeneration, land-use and urban development
  • Promotion of naturalistic urban landscape design
  • Inclusive and effective governance (SDG 16)
  • Inclusive governance
  • Social justice, cohesion and equity (SDG 10)
  • Environmental education
  • Social cohesion
  • Health and well-being (SDG 3)
  • Creation of opportunities for relaxation and recreation
  • Economic development and employment (SDG 8)
  • Economic development: agriculture
  • Sustainable consumption and production (SDG 12)
  • Sustainable consumption
  • Sustainable production


Creation of new green areas, Transformation of previously derelict areas, Knowledge creation and awareness raising

Project objectives

The goal of the green citizen initiative is to make the Indian Neighborhood more sustainable, fun and healthy including: - Encouraging active citizenship: the garden is designed, implemented and maintained by citizens themselves and all other activities are organized by citizens (1) - Building social cohesion: the community garden serves as a meeting area for citizens where citizens can garden and cook together and exchange ideas. (1,2,3,4,5) - Promotion of sustainable food production: crops are grown using organic agriculture and permaculture techniques (5) - Increase locals' environmental knowledge: educational tours and workshops are organised to educate children and adults about nature, ecosystems, gardening, healthy living and sustainability (1,4) - Provide a place for recreation: the community garden and public green square allow for recreation (1,4) - Supporting urban biodiversity by increasing the green space in the neighbourhood (4)

Implementation activities

The Neighbourhood Garden activities includes everything regarding the maintenance of the garden: seeding, gardening, harvesting in a sustainable way (without using permaculture techniques and avoiding pesticides). (1,2,5) - Creation of a community kitchen in which vegetables from the community garden are used and meals are shared which supports social cohesion (1,4,5) - Creating recreational facilities including a playground, camp fire, educational meeting areas, picknick areas (1,2,3,4,5) - Installation of a compost using worms (1) - Installation of a bee hive keeping (1)

Main beneficiaries

  • Citizens or community groups


Management set-up

  • Led by non-government actors

Type of initiating organisation

  • Citizens or community group

Participatory approaches/ community involvement

  • Co-planning
  • Dissemination of information and education
  • Joint implementation (e.g. tree planting)
  • Co-management/Joint management
  • Citizen oversight (e.g. boards, advisory)

Details on the roles of the organisations involved in the project

The initiative was completely initiated and has been run by citizens. Two citizens in particular were the main initiators of the project: Wiek de Keijser and Demian Burgenik (4) who mobilized more citizens to create a community garden. After finishing the community garden, the initiators formed a community group, the Oost Indisch Groen Foundation, that is the 'board' of the community garden and supports other green initiatives in the Indian Neighborhood including educational tours, workshops, a 'shake bicycle' on which smoothies are made and other activities (1) The municipality of Amsterdam (Stadsdeel Oost) financed the creation of the community garden and the community group implemented it (3)

Project implemented in response to ...

... an EU policy or strategy? No
... a national policy or strategy? No
... a local policy or strategy? No


Total cost


Source(s) of funding

  • Public local authority budget

Type of funding

  • Direct funding or subsidy

Non-financial contribution

Type of non-financial contribution
  • Provision of labour
Who provided the non-financial contribution?
  • Citizens (e.g. volunteering)

Impacts and Monitoring

Environmental impacts

  • Green space and habitat
  • Increased green space area
  • Enhanced support of pollination
  • Restoration of derelict areas

Economic impacts

  • Unknown

Socio-cultural impacts

  • Social justice and cohesion
  • Improved social cohesion
  • Increased opportunities for social interaction
  • Increased involvement of locals in the management of green spaces
  • Health and wellbeing
  • Improved physical health
  • Improved mental health
  • Gain in activities for recreation and exercise

Type of reported impacts

Expected impacts, Achieved impacts

Presence of formal monitoring system


Presence of indicators used in reporting


Presence of monitoring/ evaluation reports


Availability of a web-based monitoring tool